Around The HimalayaCulture of Nepal

Nepal is blessed with one of the richest cultures in the world. Culture has been called 'the way of life for an entire society'. The statement holds particularly true in case of Nepal where every aspect of life, food, clothing and even occupations are culturally guided. The culture of Nepal includes the codes of manners, dress, language, rituals, norms of behavior and systems of belief.

Things to Know

The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of tradition and novelty. The traditions are followed as they were and new customs are created to keep pace with the changing times.
Culture in Nepal is an assemblage of music, architecture, religion and literature.

The mountain kingdom of Nepal is multi-ethic and multi-lingual. The land is rich with unique cultural groups like Tharu,Yadav, Ahir, Newars and others.

Nepal Hospitality

Nepalese are among the most hospitable hosts. This is the reason for which tourists from far and wide enjoy coming to Nepal time and again. Local Nepalese are generally rural people who welcome the tourists to their homes for tea, coffee or supper. Nepalese are culturally warm, hospitable and affectionate hosts who place their heart above their head.

Nepal Dress

Daura-Suruwal, typically termed as 'Labeda-Suruwal' is the traditional Nepali dress. The dress has several religious beliefs identifying its designs and has therefore remained the same from the years. The Daura has eight strings that serve to tie itself up around the body. Eight is the lucky number in Nepali mythology.

Also, the Daura has five pleats or Kallis, signifying Pancha Buddha or Pancha Ratna. And the closed neck of the Daura signifies the snake around the Lord Shiva's neck. The Nepali dress for women is a cotton sari (Guniu) that is gaining great popularity in the fashion world.

Rituals

The main rituals followed in Nepal are naming ceremony, rice-feeding ceremony, tonsure ceremony, ceremony of giving Nepali Sari (Guniu), marriage ceremony and funeral rite.The rituals are still prevailing in society and are performed with zeal.. Different ritual experts have different roles in these rituals.

Cultural Sites

Astonishing enough, seven out of the ten world heritage sites in Nepal are termed cultural by UNESCO. Thus, the stupas, monasteries, temples and architecture are all representatives of the rich cultural heritage of Nepal. The following are the cultural world heritage sites of Nepal.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Changu Narayan Temple
Swayambhunath Stupa
Pashupatinath Temple
Lumbini
Bouddhanath StupaApart form the world heritage sites there are other pilgrimage sites in Nepal that hold great cultural importance. A tour to these places will make you familiar with the rich culture of Nepal.
Barah Chhetra, Halesi Mahadev, Janakpur, Pathibhara, Tengboche in East Nepal

Manakaman, Gorkha, Lumbini, Muktinath, Gosainkunda, Tansen, Kathmandu Valley in Central Nepal
Swargadwari, Khaptad Ashram in West Nepal are famous pilgrimage sites in Nepal.
The culture of Nepal is intertwined with the culture of the broader Indian subcontinent and Tibet. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage bounds the diversities of Nepal's ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it expresses in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. Its culture is mostly influenced by Indian culture and Tibetan culture.


CULTURE OF NEPALCustoms and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity. Kathmandu Valley has served as the country’s cultural metropolis since the unification of Nepal in the 18th Century. A prominent factor in a Nepali’s everyday life is religion. Adding color to the lives of Nepalis are festivals the year round which they celebrate with much pomp and joy. Food plays an important role in the celebration of these festivals.
Religion:
Nepal was declared a secular country by the Parliament on May 18, 2006. Religions practiced in Nepal are: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism, Bon, ancestor worship and animism. The majority of Nepalis are either Hindus or Buddhism. The two have co-existed in harmony through centuries.
Buddha is widely worshipped by both Buddhists and Hindus of Nepal. The five Dhyani Buddhas; Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Rathasambhava, Amitabha and Amoghasiddhi, represent the five basic elements: earth, fire, water, air and ether. Buddhist philosophy conceives these deities to be the manifestations of Sunya or absolute void. Mahakaala and Bajrayogini are Vajrayana Buddhist deities worshipped by Hindus as well.
Hindu Nepalis worship the ancient Vedic gods. Bramha the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destroyer, are worshipped as the Supreme Hindu Trinity. People pray to the Shiva Linga or the phallic symbol of Lord Shiva in most Shiva temples. Shakti, the dynamic element in the female counterpart of Shiva, is highly revered and feared. 
Mahadevi, Mahakali, Bhagabati, Ishwari are some of the names given. Kumari, the Virgin Goddess, also represents Shakti.Other popular deities are Ganesh for luck, Saraswati for knowledge, Lakshmi for wealth and Hanuman for protection. Krishna, believed to be the human incarnation of Lord Vishnu is also worshipped widely. Hindu holy scripts Bhagawat Gita, Ramayan and Mahabharat are widely read in Nepal. Vedas, Upanishads and other holy scriptures are read by well learned Brahmin Pundits during special occasions.
Customs:
The diversity in Nepal in terms of ethnicity again makes room for various sets of customs. Most of these customs go back to the Hindu, Buddhist or other religious traditions. Among them, the rules of marriage are particularly interesting. Traditional marriages call for deals arranged by parents after the boy or girl come of age.
Nepalis do not eat beef. There are several reasons for this, one being that the Hindus worship cow. Cow is also the national animal of Nepal. Another interesting concept among Nepalis is division of pure and impure. “Jutho” referring to food or material touched by another’s mouth directly or indirectly, is considered impure by Nepalis. Nepalis consider cow dung to be pure for cleansing purposes. During menstruation women are considered impure and hence, are kept in seclusion until their fourth day purification bath.Nepal is a patriarchal society. Men usually go out to work while women are homemakers. However, in cities, roles can differ. Most Nepalis abide by the caste system in living habits and marriage. Rural Nepal is mostly agrarian, while some aspects of urban life carry glitz and glamour of the ultra-modern world.
Food:
Nepal does not have a distinct cooking style. However, food habits differ depending on the region. Nepali food has been influenced by Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking. Authentic Nepali taste is found in Newari and Thakai cuisines. Most Nepalis do not use cutlery but eat with their right hand.The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Curried meat is very popular, but is saved for special occasions, as it is relatively more expensive. Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) deserve a mention as one of the most popular snack among Nepalis. Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (boiled flour) also make meals in some homes.
Language, Culture and Traditions in NepalLanguages

There are many existing and dead languages in Nepal. As is defined, Nepal is a colorful garden of 36 ethnic groups and 4 caste. Each ethnic group has its own language and culture. A record of above hundred languages have found to be spoken in Nepal. Nepali is the national language of Nepal and is almost understandable by all Nepalese wherever you travel. Some of the other languages are specific to the local areas. Different language are dominant in different trekking regions. It would be better to find out the list of Nepal's languages including which language is in use in which area before visiting Nepal. Nepali- the national language of Nepal falls under an Indo-Aryan Language category. Nepali is the mother tongue of about half of Nepalese population. Nepali is also known as Khas kura that was originally spoken by locals from the Karnali Bheri basin. Nepali is also spoken in some parts of Bhutan and India. Bahing is the Kiranti language. Maithili is prevalent form of language in Terai region. Limbus have their own Limbu language called Yakthung Pan.

Culture and Traditions

Culture in Nepal is the collective form of the music, religion, literature and architecture. Temples and monasteries are the integral part of Nepali architecture. Different ethnic groups have their own developed religion, music and languages. Folk music is the popular form of music. Women are rarely seen playing musical instruments.
Approx. 80% of Nepalese population is Hindu by religion. Buddhism has second largest followers. Islam is the third largest religion in terms of population while people have also adopted Kirat and other religion.

Some Dos and Donts
Nepalese prefer Namaste as a greeting sign in contrary to shaking hands.
Do not eat your food with a left hand. Also, most of Nepalese like to use their hand while eating and not fork or spoon.
Always wear proper dress, covering your body properly.
Ask before taking photographs of locals
Some temples do not allow an entrance to foreigners.
Do not give money to children. If you want to help them, you can donate to an organization.
Do not pollute the area in which you are trekking. Use canned bottles and dispose them properly.
Protect the natural environment.
Do not make open fire.
Kissing and hugging in public is considered offensive.
We can provide you with Nepal Culture Tour. Nepal is known as country of festivals. Some kind of ceremony is going throughout the year.

Culture and Tradition      Religous Traditions and Festivals
 
                      Nepal is a multicultural,multilingual and multiethinic country.Similarly, Nepal has the people of different religious tolerance among the people.However,the people who follow Hindu religion are in great number.Besides this,Buddhism is another popular religion of Nepal.The founder of Buddhism is Gautam Buddha.Who was born in Lumbini,Nepal.He is famous as the Light of Asia.There are many followers of Islam,Christianity,Shikhism,Jainism and Kirat religion.Every religion has its own values and norms.People of every religion can celebrate their festivals according to their culture and traditions.Some important festivals are as follow.
  Some festival which is celebrated by different religious communities of Nepal.And This festival is also known as national festivals
 
      Dashain:
 
            The Hindus all over the world celebrate Dashain.It is also known as Bada Dashain,Durga Puja,Dusshera and Kalipuja.It falls in autumn in the months of either September or October every year.It is celebrated for fifteen days from the day of Ashwin Shukla Pratipada i.e., Ghatasthapana till Purnima,Goddess Durga is worshipped on the occasion.She is regarded as the Goddess of Power.
The elder members in the family put Tika and Jamara and bestow blessings to the younger members on the tenth day to mark this occasion .The tenth day is remembered as the Day of Victory i.e,Vijaya Dashami.The other major days of Dashain are Phulpati of Saptami,kalaratri or Mahasthami and Mahanawami,which fall on the seventh,eighth and the ninth day respectively.
 
                        It is a festival of union in the family,of great joy and extreme delight.People put on new clothes and eat delicious food.They go to Dashain fair and exchange greetings and good wishes.People,rich or poor,enjoy alike.
            It is believed that this festival is celebrated to mark the victory of Goddess Durga over Maisasur,a demon,and Lord Rama over Ravana,the demon King of Lanka.This festival,therefor,symbolises the victory of good over evil and truth over falsehood.
 
    Tihar:
 
                It is another great festival of the Hindus.People celebrate it with great pomp and show.It comes about fifteen days after Dashain.This festival is also called Diwali or Deepawali i.e.,the festival of lights.It is observed for five days from Kartik Krishna Dwadashi up to Kartik Pratipada.The first two days of this festival are dedicated to Kag i.e.,the crow,and Kukur,i.e.,the dog.The third day is called Gai Tihar or Laxmi Puja.Cows are worshipped on this day in the morning and Goddess Laxmi in the evening.She is regarded as the Goddess of Wealth.People clean their houses,decorate and illumine them all night by putting candles,small oil lamps or colourful electric bulbs.And they pray that Goddess Laxmi dwell in their house.People,particularly girls and women play Bhailo in groups on the night of Laxmi Puja.The Gobardhan Puja is observed on the fouth fay and oxen are worshipped.People play Dheusi during the night and the next day.
The final day is called the Bhaitika.On this day,sisters worship their brothers and wish for their long and healthy life.They put tika and garland them.They serve different varieties of sweets,fruits and delicacies to their brothers.The brothers,in turn, give them cash and gifts.
          It is believed that this festival is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama to his Kingdom in Ayodhya after fourteen years in exile.
 
        Chhat

          Chhat is a great festival of the Hindus of central Terai.especially the Maithili people.It is a festival of the Sun-God.It is celebrated on the fifth day of Kartik Shukla,six days after the Laxmi Puja.Both men and women celebrate this festival.However,only women observe fast during the day for three days,worship the setting sun in the evening and then only eat.On the sixth day,they all gather around richly decorated platforms near a local pond or a nearby river early in the morning.They take bath and workship the rising sun with flowers and lamps for the long life and good health of their husbands.After finishing the worship,all the family members sit together and eat variety of sweet.It brings happiness and joy in the family and community. 
 
     Lhosar:
 
           Lhosar is a Buddhist festival.Lho means year and Sar means new.Lhosar thus basically is a New Year festival.It is celebrated mainly in the Himalayan region by the Gurungs,Tamangs and the Sherpas.They celebrate Lhosar according their own community and customs.Some celebrate it on 15th of Poush,some on Magh Shukla Pratipada and others on Falgun Shukla Pratipada.The Gurungs have Tamu Lhosar,the Tamangs celebrate Sonam Lhosar and the Sherpas observe Gyalpo Lhosar.
Lhosar is a festival of feast,joy and dance.people draw swastiks,symbol of peace and good fortune ,in their homes.They also decorate their homes with paintings of natural elements like the Himalayas,the sun,and the Moon.They wear new clothes and eat sumptuous meals.They generally gather at public places and play games,engage in fun,sing and dance.They alos visit their elders and seek their blessings for a healthy and prosperous New year.They exchange greetings and gifts with each other. 
 
   Christmas
                    :The most important festival for the Christians is Christmas.It is also known as X-Mas.The letter X represents the holy sign Cross for the Christians.It falls on 25 December every year.It marks the birth anniversity of Jesus Christ,the founder of Christianity.It is generally celebrated for three days from 24 to 26 December.
Christmas eve is celebrated on 24 December.On Christmas eve,they decorate a pine tree called Christmas Tree with candles,colourful papers,balloons and flowers.They keep  the presents and cards given by their friends and relatives under this tree.They open them later to know who owns the most and best of them.They have great fun.
The Christmas father is Santa Claus.It is believed that he comes during the night and leave presents for the children in their socks.During the day,they go to church and pray together.They put on special caps and new clothes.
26 December is known as Boxing Day.Rich people give boxes full of gifts or money or food and clothes ot the poor people.They visit their friends and relatives on the occasion and have a lot of fun,is celebrated as the New Year Day.The christian era started from this date from the time of jesus Christ.They exchange New Year greetings and wish each other good health and prosperity in life.
 
  Eid:
          Eid is a New Year festival of the Muslim community according to the Hijri or Hijaratera.The Hijriera began from the time of Prophet Mohammad who is the messanger of their Allah.All the Muslims follow the Hijri calender.It is believed that some people threatened to kill Prophet Mohammad while he was preaching his ideas.He along with his followers,therefore,left Mecca for Medina.This journey is called Hijara which means migration.Mecca and Medina are thus the two most holy places of the Muslims.
The Muslims observe a month long fast called Roza during the month of Ramjan.They do not eat anything,not even drink water during daytime.All the family members sit together and eat after sun set.They believe that this will purge and discipline them.They celebrate the last day of Ramjan as Eid-ul-Fitr.They congratulate,embrace and greet each other Eid Mubark which means Happy New Year.They put on new clothes,eat variety of sweets and visit their friends and relatives.They go to the mosques and read Namaz.They also give alms called Zakat to the poor,disabled and needy people.
All these religious festivals carry the message of love and peace.They help to foster friendship,brotherhood and peace in society.Hence,they promote national unity and integration.
 
 
 
Maghe Sangkranti
 
                   Maghe Sangkranti has a great importance in the Nepalese society.Most of the Nepalese festivals are based on lunar calender.Yet there are some festivals which are based on solar calender.Nawabarsha(New Year),15th Asar,Saune Sangkranti along with the Maghe Sagrakanti are the festivals based on solar calender.
Sangkranti means the first day of the month .Therefore,Maghe  Sangkranti is observed on the first day of the month –Magh.This festival is observed to mark the end of winter season.During December 22nd the sun comes gradually to norhern hemisphere,and the palces at the nothern hemisphere start to get warmer.
Maghe Sangkranti is a social festival.It is celebrated in different ways in different parts of the country.In hilly regions people gather at the riverside and take bath early in the morning and eat Til ko Laddu(a kind of sweet made of sesame),boiled roots(yam,sweet potato,potato,etc.)and Khichadi (dish made with rice and lentil together ).It is believed that all the food that we eat on this day shall have been cooked at the previous day(end of the Poush month)except Khichadi.In terai,especially in Tharu community,this day is celebrated as ‘Maghi’.This day marks the New year in their community.Many of the fairs are organized at different parts of the country.The fun and excitement of these fairs are remembered throughout the year.
This is the one of the days of celebration of social value.such celebrations construct our culture and traditions.It is our duty to conserve these festivals which are celebrated by different communities of the country.
 
Ram Nawami
 
                 Ram Nawami is one of the important festivals of all the Hindu people of Nepal.It falls on the 9th day of the full moon fortnight of Chaitra.It is believed that the Lord Ram was born on this day.Lord Ram was one of the most influential incarnations of Lord Vishnu who is one of the Trinity.Lord vishnu is the God who takes care of all the living beings after being created by Brahma.It is believed Lord Mahesh (Shiva)takes the life later on.
Ram was an ideal person.He was obedient to his parents and the caretaker of responsibilities.We gain Knowledge of obedience,brotherhood,peace,endurance,tolerance,apology,justice and above all the truthfulness by studying his life.
Many people observe this day with fasting .Early in the morning people visit the temples of Lord Ram.A grand fair takes places at Ram Janaki Temple in Janakpur. 
  
        Religous Traditions and Festivals
 
            Nepal is a multicultural,multilingual and multiethinic country.Similarly Nepal has the people of different religious tolerance among the people.However,the people who follow Hindu religion are in great number.Besides this,Buddhism is another popular religion of Nepal.The founder of Buddhism is Gautam Buddha.Who was born in Lumbini,Nepal.He is famous as the Light of Asia.There are many followers of Islam,Christianity,Shikhism,Jainism and Kirat religion.Every religion has its own values and norms.People of every religion can celebrate their festivals according to their culture and traditions.Some important festivals are as follow.
 
 
Janai Purnima
 
          Janai Purnima is the common name of the festival Rishi Tarpani or Raksha Bandhan.This festival falls on Shrawan Shukla Purnima (The full moon day of Shrawan).This day is one of the most important days for the Hindu community because it has highly religious value.People take bath early in the morning and the male members of Brahman and Chetri change Janai for the year.Janai is the sacred thread,which they start to wear after the Bratabandha or Upanayan ceremony.On the same day all the people receive another sacred thread yagyopavit(Raksha Bandan).It is believed that this tread prevents them from on every kind of misfortunes.In the terai sisters tie Rakhi on the brothers’ wrists,secure their brothers making from any kind of mishaps.On this day all the people of Newar community prepare a special Kind of soup,Kwanti which is made by mixing nine different kinds of seeds.
 
Teej
 
          This festival is celebrated by the women of Hindu society.This festival falls on Bhadra Shukla Tritiya (the third day of the full moon of Bhadra).This festival is also known as Haritalika.On this day all the women observe fasting for the whole day.It is believed that in the Vedic period,Parvati observed fasting on this day hoping to marry with Lord Shiva.And just after that she got married with him.So,the married women celebrate this festival for better status and long lives of their husbands,and the unmarried girls wish for good husbands.On the eve of Teej(The evening before the fasting day)all the women eat ‘Dar’ with the family members.Dar is a special meal,prepared for that special day of Teej.
 
Shree Panchami
 
               The festival which is celebrated on the fifth day of Magh Shukla Panchami (the fifth day of the full moon day of Magh)is famous as Shree Pancchami.This is also called as Basanta Panchanmi as spring season begins from this day.Saraswati is worshipped on this occasion Saraswati is the goddess of learning and wisdom.Most of the people of Hindu community go to the near by Saraswati temple and worship her.This is the special day for the students.People believe that this students.People believe  that day is the best day for their children to start formal learning because they believe that goddess Saraswati gives them a divine blessing on this day.
In Buddhist community,this day is called as Manju Panchami.Manjushree is the god of learning for the Buddhists.
  
Udhauli/Ubhauli
 

       This is the main festival of the Rai c ommunity.This festival is celebrated  on two days of the year.The first is the Udhauli and other is the Ubhauli.Udhauli falls at Kartik/Mangsir and Ubhauli in Baishakh/Jestha.This festival is celebrated differently at different places.Some people celebrate it with chandi Nach,some with Sakela or Sakewa or some with Sakela or Sakewa or some other with Baishake or Badanmet.It is because Rai community has different cultures at different places.At this festival Nakchhong(the priest)recites Mundhum at different religious places like Chandithan,Margathan or Mangkhim.At every household people celebrate this festival worshipping ancestors and dance playing with Dholjhyamta.They eat different delicious foods and enjoy together.



    Nepal’s  social customs
 
Introduction
 
        Nepal is a multilingual,multiracial and multi-religious country.It is said that Nepal is garden of four castes and thirty-six sub-castes.People from different castes and religions live here in mutual cooperation and friendly environment.They make a common culture,which is called Nepali culture.The people living in mountains are of different cultures than those living in hills and the Terai.Some of the social characters,cultures,traditions,practices and customs are described below.
 
Brahmins and Chhetris
 
      Brahmins and Chhetris live in all the ecological zones like the Mountain,Hill and Terai.They follow Hindu tradition.They are very rich in culture and high position in the society.After eleven days of child birth ,the family celebrates Nwaran ceremony which is naming day.Bratabandha is performed for a son.The boy is given sacred thread(janai)after some religious rites.After reaching adulthood individuals perform marriage.Marriage is an important social custom.Recently,love and arranged marriages are also becoming popular.They burn the dead body according to Hindu tradition.They celebrate many festivals like Dashain,Tihar,Teej,Janai purnima,shivarati.Holi and Chhat are especially celebrated in the Terai region.
 
Newars
 
 
     Mostly Newars live in Kathmandu Valley.Newars are very rich in their culture and customs.It is said that there is seldom a month when Newari festival does not take place.The Nwaran is done from the fourth to eleventh day of the birth.Belbiwaha (lhi)is very famous among the Newars.They have customs of Gufa for the girls.Both love and arranged marriages are practiced.Dead body is burnt according to their tradition.They celebrate Dashian,Tihar (Mhapuja)Gai Jatra,Ghode Jatra,Indra Jatra,Gathemangal,Kumari Jatra,Maghe sankranti etc.with great extravagance.
 
Magar
 
  Magar mostly live in the hills.The name giving ceremony is performed from the elevnth to fifteenth day of the baby’s birth.Magars have become the most tolerable caste among the Nepalese.Love,arranged and Jari marriage are seen in the Magar community.Marriage between ‘Mama Cheli’ and ‘Phupu Chelo’is common in Magar community.They cheer their life everyday with eating and dancing.The deceased is burnt in this community.Koura Nach,Ghatu Nach,Nag Pooja,etc.are popular festivals among the Magars.
 
Sherpas
 
 
    The Sherpas live in the high hills and mountains.The Nwaran ceremony is celebrated on the third,seventh and eleventh days of the baby’s birth.Mostly they belong to Buddhism.Love,arranged and jari marriages are practised.Dead body is buried in a crematorium.Lhosar,Dumji,Osho,etc.are the famous festivals among the Sherpas.
 
Tharus
 
 
     The Tharus live mostly in the Terai.They are very simple minded people.Their perculiar culture is famous all over the world.The Nwaran is performed from the sixth to ninth day of the birth.Both love and arranged marriages are practised.The dead body is either burned or burried.Maghi,Phagu,Jitia,etc.are the famous festivals in Tharu community.
 
Limbus
 
 
      The Limbus live in the eastern mountains of Nepal.Nwaran(Name giving ceremony)of girl child is done on third day,but boy’s name is given on the fourth day of the birth.They worship nature like rivers and Himal.Love marriage,arranged marriage and ‘Chori Bibaha’are very common in Limbu community.The dead body is buried in a fixed crematorium.They celebrate famous festivals Udhauli on the full moon day of Mangsir and Ubhauli on the full moon day of Baishakh.Dhan Nacha is famous folk dance of Limbu community.
 
Rais
 
   Rais community mostly live in eastern hills of Nepal.They give name to the newly baby from the third day to the sixth day of their birth.They follow both love and arranged marriages.After death the dead body is buried in a grave in a fixed place.They have a peculiar custom of firing guns during funeral procession,Chandi Naach(Sakela),Nwagi and Badangmet are their festivals.
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Popular Culture of Nepalby Poonam Neupane Leave a Comment
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Popular Culture of NepalFamous culture in Nepal : – Nepal is a country rich in terms of cultural diversity, with more than one hundred ethnic and caste groups. It is a multilingual country, where more than 92 languages are spoken. The speakers of these languages have their own oral traditions and cultures, which have been handed down from generation to generation. The diverse natural environment has given seed to a plethora of living cultures which are unique to Nepal. The dominant pre-literate Nepalese societies have expressed their reflections on their unique life experiences through various forms of folklore from time immemorial, notably through oral traditions.
The cultural practices of Nepal are essential of the Hindu and Buddhist derivation finding expression in the numerous rites and ritual, beliefs, social values, festivals, art and architecture of the land. These are all historical accretions of different ages, of different sources of origin, which make a fantastic spectacle to an out looker.
Culture has it another name practice, that the people are following from years handling from generation to generation. We can see a lot of diversity in that practices.
Popular Culture of Nepal
Food :-Religious ethnic foods contain cultural aspects such as food items or ritualistic processes followed by certain religious groups. Every community has a distinct dietary culture that symbolizes its heritage and sociocultural aspects of its ethnicity. Food prepared by various ethnic groups of people is unique and distinct due to the variation in preference of food, geographical location, environmental factors, and availability of plant or animal sources.  food rules, customs belief and laws, religions, and social groupings are some of the characteristics contributing to the description and importance of a culture. Food item of them is unique along with their festival.

Like “dahi chiura” in ashar 15, “khir” in shrawn 15,  dairy and meat product in Dashain, sweet item in Dipawali etc of brahmin culture. Furthermore, a number of calendrical feasts are named after the foods which are prescribed to be eaten at an instance, Ghyöcaku sanlu, Yomari punhi, Sakimila punhi, Ukhu care, Sanya duling, Lai-are, Duru cya cya yatra, Mala ja nakégu, Kai sanlu,  Bya ja nakéguetc in Newari culture. Similarly, alcohol is considered as a symbol of spiritual purity in Newari culture, as well Gurung, Tamang, rai, limbu etc. Similarly Dhikar,  Bagiya, Chichar,  ghongi,  Jhingiyamachhari,  Khariyain Tharu community. Thakali set of food is famous and mostly preferred by the visitor and tourist. Similarly, there are much other food and flavor in practice with their culture.
Dances :-Nepali dances can be categorized into two subgroups, i.e cultural dance and folk dance. Cultural dances are the dance that is practiced during cultural rituals. Newari people has a number of cultural dances that depicts the story of god and goddess, such type of dance are mainly practiced in the jatras and festival. For example Kumari Dance, Manjushree Dance, Bajrayogini Dance etc.  Similarly, folk dances include the informal dance which is the spirit of the Nepali culture. Some of them are TamangSelo by Tamang people, Juhari or Dohori , Chutki  This dance is generally practiced by Chhetris, Brahmins, Gurungs, nd Magars. The Chhetris and Brahmins perform Chutki in the rhythmic beats of Khaijadi. The Gurungs and Magars use madal in the dance which is performed with full of speed and movement of body.
[dance] dance
DhanNach is the dance of Limbus. Young boys and girls hold each other from side to side swing their feet in the beat of Chyabrung. KaruaNach performed by the Magars and Tamangs in groups in which both women and women can be men men or men women can perform this dance.Balan Is performed by the Chhetris and Brahmins during religious ceremonies .Maruni Dance the most loved dances in Nepal. A male dancer perform as women wearing a long frock like dress where other members sing and make music. A dhatuware is  like a jester which accompanies the team. Bethi dance involves panch Eb Aja.  Similarly other folk dances are SorathiSakeladance, Tharu Dance, LakhedanceMatrikastamdance,Jungwadance,Mhendomayadance,Sanginidance,Jhyawaredance,Deuradance, KhukuriNach, Jhyaure Dance, Tappa DanceSorathi Dance, Yak and Yeti dance, Newari (Dhime)dance, Sherpa Dance, Bhojpuri dance, Dhimaldance, Ghatudance, Khalidance ,Jhijhiya DanceChandi Dance, Peacock Dance, and they also bring the equal importance and amusement on practicing and watching.

Nepal is multi-lingual country, she is diversified in language. Nepali is the most practiced language of Nepal, but people also practice their mother tongue in between their communities. Language is the identity of every culture, different culture has their different language. For eg. Tharu language for tharu people, Bhojpuri, maithali, Awadhi etc are language practiced by the madhesi brother, and so on. Nepal has adopted a new constitution, allowing future states to declare local mother tongues as official languages in their administrative areas. The constitution visualizes a commission to recommend which mother tongues can be used as official languages. Hence Nepal is the land of a country of the home of a different language.

Popular Culture of NepalFamous culture in Nepal : – Nepal is a country rich in terms of cultural diversity, with more than one hundred ethnic and caste groups. It is a multilingual country, where more than 92 languages are spoken. The speakers of these languages have their own oral traditions and cultures, which have been handed down from generation to generation. The diverse natural environment has given seed to a plethora of living cultures which are unique to Nepal. The dominant pre-literate Nepalese societies have expressed their reflections on their unique life experiences through various forms of folklore from time immemorial, notably through oral traditions.
The cultural practices of Nepal are essential of the Hindu and Buddhist derivation finding expression in the numerous rites and ritual, beliefs, social values, festivals, art and architecture of the land. These are all historical accretions of different ages, of different sources of origin, which make a fantastic spectacle to an out looker.
Culture has it another name practice, that the people are following from years handling from generation to generation. We can see a lot of diversity in that practices.
Popular Culture of Nepal
Food :-Religious ethnic foods contain cultural aspects such as food items or ritualistic processes followed by certain religious groups. Every community has a distinct dietary culture that symbolizes its heritage and sociocultural aspects of its ethnicity. Food prepared by various ethnic groups of people is unique and distinct due to the variation in preference of food, geographical location, environmental factors, and availability of plant or animal sources.  food rules, customs belief and laws, religions, and social groupings are some of the characteristics contributing to the description and importance of a culture. Food item of them is unique along with their festival.
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[Dal Bhat tarkari masu] Dal Bhat tarkari masu
Like “dahi chiura” in ashar 15, “khir” in shrawn 15,  dairy and meat product in Dashain, sweet item in Dipawali etc of brahmin culture. Furthermore, a number of calendrical feasts are named after the foods which are prescribed to be eaten at an instance, Ghyöcaku sanlu, Yomari punhi, Sakimila punhi, Ukhu care, Sanya duling, Lai-are, Duru cya cya yatra, Mala ja nakégu, Kai sanlu,  Bya ja nakéguetc in Newari culture. Similarly, alcohol is considered as a symbol of spiritual purity in Newari culture, as well Gurung, Tamang, rai, limbu etc. Similarly Dhikar,  Bagiya, Chichar,  ghongi,  Jhingiyamachhari,  Khariyain Tharu community. Thakali set of food is famous and mostly preferred by the visitor and tourist. Similarly, there are much other food and flavor in practice with their culture.
Dances :-Nepali dances can be categorized into two subgroups, i.e cultural dance and folk dance. Cultural dances are the dance that is practiced during cultural rituals. Newari people has a number of cultural dances that depicts the story of god and goddess, such type of dance are mainly practiced in the jatras and festival. For example Kumari Dance, Manjushree Dance, Bajrayogini Dance etc.  Similarly, folk dances include the informal dance which is the spirit of the Nepali culture. Some of them are TamangSelo by Tamang people, Juhari or Dohori , Chutki  This dance is generally practiced by Chhetris, Brahmins, Gurungs, nd Magars. The Chhetris and Brahmins perform Chutki in the rhythmic beats of Khaijadi. The Gurungs and Magars use madal in the dance which is performed with full of speed and movement of body.
[dance] dance
DhanNach is the dance of Limbus. Young boys and girls hold each other from side to side swing their feet in the beat of Chyabrung. KaruaNach performed by the Magars and Tamangs in groups in which both women and women can be men men or men women can perform this dance.Balan Is performed by the Chhetris and Brahmins during religious ceremonies .Maruni Dance the most loved dances in Nepal. A male dancer perform as women wearing a long frock like dress where other members sing and make music. A dhatuware is  like a jester which accompanies the team. Bethi dance involves panch Eb Aja.  Similarly other folk dances are SorathiSakeladance, Tharu Dance, LakhedanceMatrikastamdance,Jungwadance,Mhendomayadance,Sanginidance,Jhyawaredance,Deuradance, KhukuriNach, Jhyaure Dance, Tappa DanceSorathi Dance, Yak and Yeti dance, Newari (Dhime)dance, Sherpa Dance, Bhojpuri dance, Dhimaldance, Ghatudance, Khalidance ,Jhijhiya DanceChandi Dance, Peacock Dance, and they also bring the equal importance and amusement on practicing and watching.
Language: –[Nepali language font] Nepali language font
Nepal is multi-lingual country, she is diversified in language. Nepali is the most practiced language of Nepal, but people also practice their mother tongue in between their communities. Language is the identity of every culture, different culture has their different language. For eg. Tharu language for tharu people, Bhojpuri, maithali, Awadhi etc are language practiced by the madhesi brother, and so on. Nepal has adopted a new constitution, allowing future states to declare local mother tongues as official languages in their administrative areas. The constitution visualizes a commission to recommend which mother tongues can be used as official languages. Hence Nepal is the land of a country of the home of a different language.
 
12.Festivals in Nepal
Dashain[edit]Main article: Dashain
Dashain मोहनी नख: (Nepali: दशैं Daśãi, also Baḍādaśãi बडादशैं or Bijayā Daśamī Nepali: बिजया दशमी) is the 15-day-long festival and holidays of Nepal.[1][2] It is the longest and the most auspicious festival in the Nepalese annual calendar, celebrated by Nepalese Hindu people throughout the globe. It is not only the longest festival of the country, but also the one which is most anticipated.As one of the popular countries,Nepal has its Hindu festival as Dashain. The festival falls in September or October, starting from the shukla paksha (bright lunar fortnight) of the month of Ashvin and ending on purnima, the full moon. Among the 10 days for which it is celebrated, the most important days are the first, seventh, eighth, ninth and the tenth, but tenth day is very important [3][4] Throughout the country Shakti is worshiped in all her manifestations. This festival is also known for its emphasis on the family gatherings, as well as on a renewal of community ties.[2] People return from all parts of the world, as well as different parts of the country, to celebrate together.[2] All government offices, educational institutions and other private offices remain closed during the festival and holidays period.
Significance[edit]Dashain symbolizes the victory of good over evil.
For followers of Shaktism, it represents the bare victory of the goddess, Shakti. In Hindu mythology, the demon Mahishasura had created terror in the devaloka (the world where gods live ) but Durga killed the demon.[5][6][7] The first nine days of Dashain symbolizes the battle which took place between the different manifestations of Durga and Mahishasura. The tenth day is the day when Durga finally defeated him. For other Hindus, this festival symbolizes the victory of Rama over Ravana as recounted in the Ramayana.

Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth is celebrated during Tihar.
SaMBHAV PANTHA In Nepal all Hindu ethnic groups celebrate this festival with their own variation . Among the Newars, it is known as Swanti. The festival is celebrated from Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna to Kartik Shukla Dwitiya every year. Tihar in general signifies the festival of lights, where diyas are lit both inside and outside the houses to make it illuminate at night. The five-day festival is considered to be of great importance as it shows reverence to not just the humans and the Gods, but also to the animals like crow, cow and dog, who maintain an intense relationship with the humans. People make patterns on the floor of living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals outside of their house, called "Rangoli" which is meant to be sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities.[8] During the celebrations gamblers are found in the streets and some gamblers are known to make extreme bets such as staking their properties and some times their own daughter and wives jewelries. .
Nepal is a diverse country with a varying landscape, rich bio-diversity and diverse culture of the people residing in it. Each community holds their unique cultures and traditions which they have been following for centuries. Each of them has their own set of beliefs and festivals to celebrate.
No wonder Nepal is called the land of festivals. Every day is a day of celebration for one or the other community. The best part of all is one’s pride in one’s own culture and respect for the others’. This is why these numerous cultures and festivals are harmoniously coexisting in Nepal.
It is impossible to mention all the festivals celebrated in Nepal, but we have tried to include the popular festivals celebrated by majority of people.



 
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