Around The HimalayaTravel Info

Nepal Information
With everything from snowcapped mountains and vast grasslands to dense tropical forests, Nepal represents one of the world's most ecologically diverse destinations. A trip to Nepal
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
Saṅghīya Lokatāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl

Flag

Emblem
Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Sanskrit)
Mother and Motherland are Greater than Heaven (English)
Anthem: सयौं थुँगा फूलका (Nepali)
Made of Hundreds of Flowers (English)
[Location of Nepal]
[Location of Nepal]
Capital
and largest city
Kathmandu
28°10′N 84°15′ECoordinates:  28°10′N 84°15′E
Official languages
Nepali (at national level; in 6 provinces)
Maithili and Bhojpuri (at national level; in 1 federal state)
English (de facto lingua franca; legal documents)
Recognised national languages


Awadhi
Bhojpuri
Bajjika
Doteli
Gurung
Kiranti
Limbu
Magar
Maithili
Newar
Rai
Tharu
Urdu[1]

Ethnic groups(2011[2] [needs update])
Ethnic demography[show]
Religion
81.3% Hinduism
9% Buddhism
4.4% Islam
3% Kirant
1.4% Christianity
0.4% Animism
0.5% Irreligion[3][4]
Demonym
Nepalese
Government
Federal parliamentaryrepublic
• President
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
• Vice President
Nanda Kishor Pun
• Prime Minister
Khadga Prasad Oli
• Chief Justice
Om Prakash Mishra
• Assembly Chairman
Ganesh Prasad Timilsina
• House Speaker
Krishna Bahadur Mahara[5]
Legislature
Federal Parliament
• Upper house
National Assembly
• Lower house
House of Representatives
Formation
• Kingdom declared
25 September 1768[6]
• State declared
18 May 2006[7]
• Republic declared
29 May 2008
• Current constitution
20 September 2015
Area
• Total
147,181 km2(56,827 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
2.8
Population
• 2016 estimate
28,982,771[8] (48th)
• 2011 census
26,494,504[2]
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (62nd)
GDP (PPP)
2018 estimate
• Total
$84 billion[9]
• Per capita
$2,842[9]
GDP (nominal)
2018 estimate
• Total
$27 billion[9]
• Per capita
$919[9]
Gini (2010)
[Negative increase]  32.8[10]
medium
HDI (2017)
[Increase]  0.574[11]
medium · 149th
Currency
Nepalese rupee (NPR)
Time zone
UTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
DST not observed
Driving side
left
Calling code
+977
ISO 3166 code
NP
Internet TLD


.np
.नेपालtakes visitors to an ancient land situated between India and China, both of which influence the region's culture, cuisine, and religious traditions. Despite the country's natural appeal, commercial tourism in Nepal remains a relatively new industry and most of the area lies unspoiled and undiscovered by foreigners. Ideal for travelers interested in pushing their physical abilities to the limit, Nepal contains most of the world's tallest peaks, including the legendary Mount Everest. Nepal is in Asia. To arrange what you want to do in Nepal, use our
This article is about the country. For other uses, see Nepal (disambiguation).
Nepal (/nəˈpɔːl/ ( [About this sound]  listen);[12] Nepali: नेपाल  [About this sound]  Nepāl [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Saṅghīya Lokatāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl),[13] is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area.[2][14] It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains,[15] subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.
The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic Age, the era in which Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonised but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and colonial India.[16][17][18] Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republicin 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy.[19]
One of the best countries for adventure destination in the world.Nepal is popularly symbolized across the globe, by the highest mountain in the world; Mount Everest. This small South Asian country is home to the world’s highest snowy mountains and an array of ethnic groups with vibrant cultures, religions, ancient history and languages. Nepal, a landlocked nation, situated between India and China, is one of a few countries in the world where such immense climatic and topographic diversity features so dramatically and is crammed into such a small geographical area.


 
The north is covered by enormous, snow-capped mountains with a cold alpine climate, the middle region is scattered with hills and has a mild climate, and the southern region is made up of the flat Terai with a very warm, humid and tropical climate. The Himalayan and hilly landscape have attracted adventure-seeking travellers for years, they come for mountaineering, climbing, trekking, hiking, mountain biking, helicopter sightseeing, paragliding, hang gliding and rafting. Nearly one-third of the total length of the Himalayas and eight of the world’s highest peaks are situated in Nepal.

Nepal is also rich in biological diversity and is home to a wide variety of flora, fauna and wildlife. Rich culture, art and history attract visitors each year, where they can see various religions coexisting harmoniously among the multitude of ethnic groups that form the people of Nepal.

The birth place of The Lord Buddha, holy Hindu sites, beautiful temples, stupas, mosques and churches, a number UNESCO heritage sites and the most mesmerizing scenery you could ever feast your eyes on, all bring people flocking to the warm and welcoming republic of Nepal.
Himalaya mountain range, view from summit of Mera Peak in Nepal's Sagarmatha Zone. Mount Everest, Lhotse and Lhotse Shar (hidden by clouds, left), Peak 41 in center with Baruntse behind; Makalu (8,485 m) and Mount Chamlang (7321 m) to the right.
Image: Andrew Grandison
[Nepalese Flag]

[Location map of Nepal. Where in Asia is Nepal?]
Location map of Nepal
Destination Nepal, a virtual guide to the former Kingdom in the Himalayas between India and China. Officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, a landlocked country in South Asia bordered by the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Biharand Sikkim, and in north by Tibet. 

The country along the southern slopes of the Himalayan mountain range is host to eight of the 10 highest peaks in the world, including Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Kanchenjunga (on the border to Sikkim).

With an area of 147,181 km² Nepal is slightly larger than 1.5 times the size of Portugal, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Arkansas.

Nepal has a population 31 million (2016 est.). Largest city and national capital is Kathmandu.

Spoken languages: about half of the population speaks the official language Nepali, the rest is using one of the several other Tibeto-Burman languages.